NAD+ can Set you on a Road of Timeless Vitality

Life Extension Europe: How NAD+ has an effect on antiageing.

What is NAD+ and why is it essential? It is a coenzyme, responsible for the functioning of every single cell in the body. It helps with processes including energy production and cellular repair. 

As time takes its toll on the body, NAD+ levels plummet(1-3), which could be harmful. The body's levels of NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) connect to our health and well-being, through the eight mechanisms above.

Certain special proteins called sirtuins protect our DNA from damage. They act as bodyguards for our DNA. They need NAD+  to do their job. 

With passing time, the less and less NAD+ our body has available, like having less power for the bodyguards. 

In order to stay healthy and prevent inevitable diseases, we need to make sure we have enough NAD+ our bodies, keeping the bodyguards well-fed and energetic (4).

How NAD+ Depletion can Impact the Body

Although the body carefully regulates the levels of cellular NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide), there is a noticeable decrease in the amount of NAD+ inside cells, and a shift in the balance between NAD+ and NADH as people age and experience health issues (5). 

These health issues can encompass metabolic disorders, oxidative stress, problems with mitochondrial function, inflammation, and DNA damage.

The signs may surface as (6)

  • Tremors 
  • Depression 
  • Arterial stiffness 
  • Circadian rhythm imbalance 
  • Pro-youth genes turned off 
  • Restless leg syndrome 
  • Cellular senescence 
  • Sarcopenia 
  • Death

Why does this happen?

These imbalances in NAD+ levels can be explained by a combination of factors:

  • There is a decrease in the body's ability to produce NAD+. By age 80, NAD+ levels drop to only 1% to 10% expressed in youth (7,8).
  • There is an increase in the activity of enzymes that consume NAD+, leading to a reduced overall NAD+ pool within the cells.  
  • Essentially, it's like there's less fuel available for the cellular processes that rely on NAD+, which can contribute to various health problems typically associated with occurring later in life (9).

The Many Ways NAD+ can Impact Cells

It's like giving your body a helping hand to maintain its health and vitality (20)Life Extension Europe: The life-sustaining benefits of NAD+ circle modelIt helps in the following ways (7)

  • NAD+ may help maintain longer telomeres, essential for cell renewal and longevity.
  • NAD+ supports DNA repair, reducing cellular damage and disease over time.
  • Intracellular NAD+ levels influence immune cell function, vital for a robust immune system.
  • NAD+ enhances energy production and protects against age-related diseases.
  • NAD+ contributes to chromosome stability, reducing the risk of cellular aging and cancer.
  • NAD+ functions as a neurotransmitter, supporting brain health.
  • Sirtuins, crucial for cellular aging, depend on NAD+ for activation.
  • NAD+ is a key player in energy production and overall vitality.

What are telomeres?

Telomeres are like protective caps at the ends of our chromosomes made up of repeated DNA strands. The shortening of telomeres is a sign of cells getting older and can even predict shorter lifespans (10,11). 

NAD+ is crucial for the proper functioning of sirtuins, and the sirtuin proteins are responsible for maintaining the length of essential telomeres (7).

Some nutrients like resveratrol might activate sirtuins and potentially contribute to a longer life (16,17). However, recent evidence suggests that sirtuins work best when there's a sufficient supply of NAD+.

By replenishing NAD+ in cells, we could potentially restore the DNA repair process, which gives us hope for slowing down the ageing process and improving our overall longevity (20).

What is the Best Precursor to NAD+?

B3 vitamins (20), which include Nicotinamide Riboside (NR), Nicotinamide (NAM), and Niacin (NA), are essential for our health. 

NR is a well-tolerated form of B3 that doesn't cause flushing, a common side effect seen with some other B3 forms in human trials (20). 

NR, NA, and NAM are each transformed into NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) through different processes in the body, each with unique characteristics. When we consume NR, our body can convert it into NAD+ through chemical reactions (20). 

This is important because NAD+ is a vital molecule for many essential processes in our cells, such as producing energy and repairing cellular damage. 

So, by taking nicotinamide riboside as a supplement or through certain foods, you provide your body with a substance that can increase NAD+ levels. 

This precursor to NAD+ can offer several health benefits, including potentially raising your vitality and improving the overall functioning of your cells.

NAD+ illustration of food CO2 NADH ATP ADP+P

Why NAD+ and not NAD?

NAD+ and NAD are both molecules that play important roles in the body. NAD is a collective term for all the different forms NAD takes throughout the various chemical processes it takes in our body. NAD+ is the biologically active form of NAD that has catalytic properties (20,21).

When NAD+ receives electrons, it is transformed into a reduced form called NADH, which is also known as nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) + hydrogen (H) (21).

The difference between NAD and NAD+ is that NAD+ is a molecule that has catalytic properties and is biologically active, while NAD is a collective term for all the different forms NAD takes throughout the various chemical processes it takes in our body (21). 

NAD+ carries the electrons of a hydride from one region of a cell to another. Without molecules like NAD+, electrons could hardly make it to their proper destination (21).

NAD+ and NADH are important molecules in the context of metabolizing food for energy.

Without the electron carrying capacity of NAD+, our cells wouldn’t be able to metabolize food into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the energy used by our cells to keep us alive (20-25).

Taking Resveratrol Together with NAD+ can Help

Resveratrol and Nicotinamide Riboside can boost each other's benefits.

Resveratrol promotes longevity by activating proteins called sirtuins. For sirtuins to function, they require the coenzyme NAD+. One of the key ways, resveratrol works is to activate life-extending sirtuins (26-29).

Because sirtuins require NAD+ to function, resveratrol's benefits cannot be maximized without also ensuring ample NAD+ levels.

NAD+ Cell Regenerator™ and Resveratrol Elite™ combines 300 mg of NIAGEN® nicotinamide riboside with an ultra-bioavailable trans-resveratrol (as well as bioavailability-enhanced forms of the phytonutrients quercetin and fisetin) to fight general fatigue and promote longevity with every dose by supporting heart, mind & cell health.

NIAGEN® is a patented supplement that elevates NAD+ levels through the use of nicotinamide riboside.

Resveratrolquercetin, and fisetin have demonstrated their ability to enhance various aspects of health, including: 

  • Mechanisms related to longevity
  • Heart and immune system well-being
  • The removal of senescent cells

This supplement combines highly absorbable versions of all four nutrients, creating an unparalleled formula designed to enhance energy, vitality, and fortify against the effects of cellular aging (30-33).

Read More Blog Posts about NAD+


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